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craft dictionary

Below is a list of commonly used words in India about materials and craft processes.
There are plenty more, so please write to us if you can think of any at sashaindia@vsnl.net

A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
 
A
Adivasi - tribal
 
Agarbatti - incense sticks
 
Alpana - ritual floor decoration
B
Balaposh - A balaposh is like a shawl which has a layer of cotton-wool between two layers of silk
 
Baluchari - Traditional silk saris with elaborate woven motifs from Baluchar, WEST BENGAL
 
Bandhani - tie and dye
 
Bazaar - marketplace
 
Bhand / Bhar - terracotta pot or cup
 
Bidri - silver inlay on blackened metal
 
Butis - small floral or geometric motifs used in embroidery or printing to cover fabric
C
Challi - woolen textiles from Ladakh
 
Chandi tarkashi - Silver filigree
 
Chatai / Dorma - Mat
 
Chitrakar - painter
 
Choori - thin bangles
D
Dhaak - a type of drum
 
Dhaatu - copper
 
Dhokara - the ancient method of lost wax casting of non-ferrous metals
 
Dholak - drum
 
Dupatta or Odhin - length of fabric used to cover the head and upper part of the body of a woman
E
E -  
F
f -  
G
Gabba - Embroidered rugs from Kashmir
H
Haat - village fairs held regularly, usually once a week
 
Hathudi - a hammer
I
I -  
J
Jaal - a tesselated pattern either geometric or floral, used in hand printing or embroidery to cover the body of a lenght of fabric
 
Jamdani - fine, figured muslin
 
Jatra - Folk theatre of Bengal
K
Kalamkari - Dye painted textiles
 
Kaleen - Knotted carpets from Kashmir
 
Kalka - paisley or mango motif
 
Kansha - an alloy of copper and zink used to make vessels
 
Kantha - a quilt made by the joining of layers of old saris
 
Karmakar - Blacksmith
 
Kashidakari - Kashmiri embroidery
 
Katputli - puppets
 
Kauna Phak - reed mats from Imphal
 
Kavassam - Sheet metal cladding
 
Khabdan - pile carpets from Ladakh
 
Kumbhakar - Potter
L
Lep kantha - rectangular wraps heavily padded to make warm coverlets. Lep means a quilt
M
Maslong - Grass mats
 
Meenakaari - enamel work on metal
 
Mojari - leather footwear
N
Namda - Felted rugs from Kashmir
O
Oaar kantha - rectangular pillow covers in simple designs with a decorative border sewn around the edges. Oaar is to cover
P
Paabu - stitched boots from Ladakh
 
Paar - the design used in the border of a sari, dupatta or shawl
 
Patachitra - Painting of deities on cloth and paper
 
Patachitra - scroll painting from West Bengal
 
Patua - 'Pat' is a piece of cloth in Sanskrit. Those who paint on these are called Patuas or Patidars. Pats or scrolls narrate mythological stories
 
Phool - flower, padma phool is lotus, jhinge phool is gourd flower, cherry phool is cherry flower
 
Pinjrakari / Khatumband - Kashmiri wood work
 
Pula chappal - Grass footwear
Q
Q -  
R
Rang - color, specially paint or dye used in fabric printing
 
Rasa - the response of the mind, the vital feeling and the sensibility to a certain 'taste' in things, the spice of life
 
Razais - Quilts
 
Rumal - handkerchief
S
Sheetalpati - reed mat
 
Sherpai - measuring bowls
 
Shola - Pith craft
 
Sujani kantha - rectangular cloths used as blankets or spreads on ceremonial occasions. Sujani is to decorate
T
Talpatra Khodai - palm leaf engravings
 
Tant - a handloom
 
Tanti - a handloom weaver
 
Thakkar ka kaam - Sheet metal work from Kulu
 
Thigma - tie-resisting-dyeing from Ladakh
 
Tsug Dul / tsug gdan - woolen pile rugs from Ladakh
U
U -  
V
Vikas - means development in sanskrit
W
W -  
X
X -  
Y
Y -  
Z
Zardosi - gold embroidery
 
Zari - gold or silver thread, usually a thin silk thread wrapped in fine gold or silver.Originally silver was used, but is now replaced by synthetic fibres